OFFICE OF CLERK OF COURTS
In creating a state judicial
system in the 1802 Ohio State Constitution provided for the appointment of a
clerk of courts for each county.† Originally, the clerk of courts was appointed
by the judges of the court of common pleas for a seven-year term.† Under the
1851 Constitution, the office became elective for a three-year term which was
extended to four years in 1936.
The official title is Clerk of
the Courts of Common Pleas, but most often the office holder is referred to as
the Clerk of Courts.† The clerk of courts maintains the records of the court of
common pleas and various courts which have exercised appellate jurisdiction on
the county level.† The records of the common pleas court pertain to all civil
cases in which the amount or matter in dispute exceeds the statutory
jurisdiction of county or municipal courts, and all felony criminal cases.†
This court also maintains the records of all domestic relations matter.
Since 1921, the clerk of courts
has also operated the auto title office, which determines motor vehicle
ownership.† Computerized certificate of titles are issued to individuals and
businesses who purchase cars, trucks, boats, mobile homes, ATVís, motorcycles,
RVs, jet skis, etc.